Boxing dates back to ancient times. Interestingly, the fist fights were held with captures and throws and finishing moves on the ground, because in those days there was a very common fight. They wanted to ban boxing as a sport because it was considered cruel and dangerous, but they rescued it when they came up with gloves that were stuffed with something soft, which significantly reduced injuries, and later also banned the fight, making Boxing completely in combat. Subsequently, in 1867, the Marquis of Queensberry came up with a set of rules, which brought back popularity to Boxing. Boxing has spread around the world as the most common sport, men and women still practice it, however, once women were not allowed to say that it is a man’s sport and women have nothing to do there, but they proved the opposite.
- Running is one of the most important training sessions in boxing, as well as in other martial arts and martial arts. Running trains the respiratory system and endurance of the body, increasing the absorbed supply of oxygen in it, also trains the lower part of the body.
- Pushups train the muscles of the arms, which is very important for a kick in boxing. Squats also strengthen legs and it allows you to keep your feet tight. The press strengthens the abdominal muscles, in order to take a punch, usually stuffing goes to the press, for full effect. Usually, these exercises alternate with each other to maximize the effect of gradually increasing the number of repetitions. And next is fight with a shadow. This is a set of techniques performed in front of a mirror. Train the technique of shock, movement, rhythm, coordination, sense of distance.
- Shadow boxing is also performed with a load (weighting on the hands or dumbbells, which is better), which trains both the technique and the strength and speed of the blows.
- Sparring is conducted with a partner to better hone their skills, strikes, strengthen the spirit, etc.
These are just some of the boxing training exercises of the great variety but these are the basis of boxing.
Boxing punches: heavyweight boxing and lightweight boxing fighting
Blows are divided into blows to the head and body.
- Blows to the head. Straight: jeb is a quick hit for evaluating an opponent. Cross – crushing blow in order to cut down the enemy. These attacks are designed to attack from the middle and long distances.
- Side or hook. Usually they are applied from a short or medium distance, but from a long distance it is most convenient to apply it when the enemy is not waiting or there is no opportunity to come closer.
- Beat the bottom or the Uppercut. It is applied from any distance, both bent from a short and medium distance, and straightened for a long distance.
It is important to remember that when striking hands should cover the head and should not fall, after striking the hands return to protection. The punches alternate between themselves and fight with both the left and the right hand, which makes the attack unexpected, also with the blows the body and legs are used. With the correct operation of the legs and body turning, the speed and force of impact increase, usually it happens like this:
- Turn the legs.
- Rotate the case.
- Rotate the shoulder.
- Turn your hands and actually hit.
This gives tremendous force to impact due to straightening the legs and twisting the whole body (the force of rotation gives speed, strength, sharpness and sharpness to the impact).
All the same techniques are straight, side and bottom, but here you need to know where to hit “Vulnerabilities”:
- Liver. Contact – acute pain in which it is very difficult to straighten up.
- Spleen. They most often forget about it and do not cover it, which can be used well and the pain from getting into it is as strong as in the liver.
- Solar plexus. Contact causes severe pain and shortness of breath.
- A heart. A strong blow can cause a sharp, sharp pain, after which the enemy may not get up.
- Press area. Often, with frequent blows, it catches the breath and is difficult to stand on its feet, as the blows fall on the legs and the breathing apparatus.
Many came up with their own blows during the battle or hard training, for example:
- Beat Dempsey or “The Sun” Dempsey. He came up with a boxer named Jack Dempsey, the meaning of this strike was to simultaneously, and defend, and attack, he made rotational movements, resembling the eight avoiding enemy strikes, and simultaneously struck left and right.
- Smash. Fraudulent reception from the bottom of the chin, performed when falling or when imitating a fall, however, some people, thanks to their good stability, could go very low back and find themselves under this opponent crushing blow, usually they would catch the enemy by attacking so that.
- Swing. Hook from a distance, or more correctly, a side kick, usually used in English boxing. At one time, it was banned, as it is applied with the back of a glove, and with a very wide sweep, which often resulted in injuries. Although in our time, he also does not really complain.
- Corkscrew or twisted straight. It is applied to the heart area, for a temporary stop, it does not often work because it is very difficult to get to the heart area. Usually used as a counterstrike. They fall more often into the solar plexus, which is also quite effective.
Boxing styles: world champions
Previously, boxers were divided into two types, Attacking and Protective, however, over time, more and more new terms began to come in, so let’s analyze them:
- Attacking boxers or Infighters try very hard to send the enemy to the knockout using the direct method of combat – he went out, quickly attacked, knocked out. Attacking boxers more often use close range and aggressiveness in actions.
- A blauler or slugger is good boxers with strong punches and good footwork, but they are slow and often predictable, even if they like to use combinations of one hand.
- Puncher, like Blauler, has good counter attacks, and again is not very mobile, but loves to use technique and active strikes.
- Forcing is usually speeding – an offensive type of boxing that most boxers use to take the initiative and win on points and knockouts.
- Resher is a style that is usually used as “mad”, that is, boxers attack quickly, without thinking, and they have good physical fitness to knock out.
- Protective or Outfighter. Boxers of this style use long range to fight, they have a good sense of distance and they use their legs to move quickly.
- Protection by care. A boxer is protected by movement using his legs. Usually they leave with a break in the course or with leaving the line of attack.
- Protection with stand. Substituting such parts of the body as a blow: Shoulder, Palm, Forearm. Boxer protects himself at any distance.
- Repel Protection. Everything is simple with the help of his hands the boxer counteracts the attacks knocking the hands of the enemy from the line of attack o, to put it simply, change the direction of the attack.
- Slope protection. It is used in blows to the head, either with the help of the body, or simply by turning the head.
- Dive protection. It is the main defense against side impacts. It looks like a squat with a slight inclination of the body forward in combination with the transfer of the body from one foot to the other. Good protection, from which it is convenient to counterattack.
Often, boxers in battle use Clinch – another type of defense in boxing, characterized by coming close to an opponent, so that to block his hands, is used most often to take a break or recover from punches.